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Crescent over Another Horizon: Islam in Latin America, the Caribbean, and Latino USA

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Muslims have been shaping the Americas and the Caribbean for more than five hundred years, yet this interplay is frequently overlooked or misconstrued. Brimming with revelations that synthesize area and ethnic studies, Crescent over Another Horizon presents a portrait of Islam’s unity as it evolved through plural formulations of identity, power, and belonging. Offering a Latino American perspective on a wider Islamic world, the editors overturn the conventional perception of Muslim communities in the New World, arguing that their characterization as “minorities” obscures the interplay of ethnicity and religion that continues to foster transnational ties.

Bringing together studies of Iberian colonists, enslaved Africans, indentured South Asians, migrant Arabs, and Latino and Latin American converts, the volume captures the power-laden processes at work in religious conversion or resistance. Throughout each analysis—spanning times of inquisition, conquest, repressive nationalism, and anti-terror security protocols—the authors offer innovative frameworks to probe the ways in which racialized Islam has facilitated the building of new national identities while fostering a double-edged marginalization. The subjects of the essays transition from imperialism (with studies of morisco converts to Christianity, West African slave uprisings, and Muslim and Hindu South Asian indentured laborers in Dutch Suriname) to the contemporary Muslim presence in Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and Trinidad, completed by a timely examination of the United States, including Muslim communities in “Hispanicized” South Florida and the agency of Latina conversion. The result is a fresh perspective that opens new horizons for a vibrant range of fields.

ISBN-13: 9781477312186

Media Type: Paperback(Reprint)

Publisher: University of Texas Press

Publication Date: 09-15-2015

Pages: 356

Product Dimensions: 5.90(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

MARÍA DEL MAR LOGROÑO NARBONA Miami, FloridaLogroño Narbona is an assistant professor of Modern Middle Eastern History at Florida International University.PAULO G. PINTO Niterói, BrazilPinto is a professor of anthropology at the Universidade Federal Fluminense, where he also directs the Center for Middle East Studies. His previous books include Ethnographies of Islam: Ritual Performances and Everyday Practices.JOHN TOFIK KARAM Chicago, Illinois

What People are Saying About This

Paul Amar

This fascinating, original, and critically important volume creates a new map of the world and reimagines social history, immigration logics, and cultural transnationalism. This volume serves as an entirely new scholarly agenda for analyzing the history of the conquest/’discovery’ of the Americas in ways that make these histories immediately tangible to students in a post-Arab Spring universe.

Steven Hyland Jr.

A significant contribution to the field. Crescent over Another Horizon will produce a re-thinking of what sorts of connections—material and ideological, real and imagined—give meaning to people, Muslims and non-Muslims alike.

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • Latino America in the Umma/the Umma in Latino America (John Tofik Karam, María del Mar Logroño Narbona, and Paulo G. Pinto)
  • Part I: Reconsidering History
    • Chapter One. "De los Prohibidos": Muslims and Moriscos in Colonial Spanish America (Karoline P. Cook)
    • Chapter Two. African Rebellion and Refuge on the Edge of Empire (John Tofik Karam)
    • Chapter Three. Ethnic and Religious Identification among Muslim East Indians in Suriname (1898-1954) (Ellen Bal and Kathinka Sinha-Kerkhoff)
  • Part II. Contemporary Cartographies
    • Chapter Four. Institutionalizing Islam in Argentina: Comparing Community and Identity Configurations (Silvia Montenegro)
    • Chapter Five. Conversion, Revivalism, and Tradition: The Religious Dynamics of Muslim Communities in Brazil (Paulo G. Pinto)
    • Chapter Six. Guests of Islam: Conversion and the Institutionalization of Islam in Mexico (Camila Pastor de Maria y Campos)
    • Chapter Seven. Cubans Searching for a New Faith in a New Context (Luis Mesa Delmonte)
    • Chapter Eight. Muslims in Martinique (Liliane Kuczynski)
    • Chapter Nine. Forming Islamic Religious Identity among Trinidadians in the Age of Social Networks (Halima-Sacadia Kassim)
  • Part III. Islam Latina/o
    • Chapter Ten. Dis-covering a Historical Consciousness: The Creation of a US Latina/o Muslim Identity (Hjamil A. Martínez-Vázquez)
    • Chapter Eleven. Mapping Muslim Communities in "Hispanicized" South Florida (Mirsad Krijestorac)
    • Chapter Twelve. Double-Edged Marginality and Agency: Latina Conversion to Islam (Yesenia King and Michael P. Perez)
  • Conclusion
  • List of Contributors
  • Index