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The Corner of the Living: Ayacucho on the Eve of the Shining Path Insurgency / Edition 1

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Peru's indigenous peoples played a key role in the tortured tale of Shining Path guerrillas from the 1960s through the first decade of the twenty-first century. The villagers of Chuschi and Huaychao, high in the mountains of the department of Ayacucho, have an iconic place in this violent history. Emphasizing the years leading up to the peak period of violence from 1980 to 2000, when 69,000 people lost their lives, Miguel La Serna asks why some Andean peasants chose to embrace Shining Path ideology and others did not.
Drawing on archival materials and ethnographic field work, La Serna argues that historically rooted and locally specific power relations, social conflicts, and cultural understandings shaped the responses of indigenous peasants to the insurgency. In Chuschi, the guerrillas found indigenous support for the movement and dreamed of sparking a worldwide Maoist revolution. In Huaychao, by contrast, villagers rose up against Shining Path forces, precipitating more violence and feeding an international uproar that took on political significance for Peru during the Cold War. The Corner of the Living illuminates both the stark realities of life for the rural poor everywhere and why they may or may not choose to mobilize around a revolutionary cause.

ISBN-13: 9780807872192

Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press

Publication Date: 03-12-2012

Pages: 304

Product Dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.80(d)

Miguel La Serna is assistant professor of history at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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From the Publisher

La Serna's archival research and field work are impressive and his writing is strong and confident. With lucid analysis, cutting-edge research, and a fascinating topic, this book is at the forefront of its field and will be of interest to all students of Latin America.—Charles Walker, University of California, Davis

This book adds a new dimension to our understanding of Peru's war by focusing on two mountain villages at the very center of the storm. La Serna's knack for storytelling and clear, smart prose make the book accessible to both lay and undergraduate readers. His empathy for the villagers enables him to bring to life their motivations and sensibilities and gives us new insight into the predicament of the rural poor everywhere.—Orin Starn, Duke University

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction 1

1 To Trace the Tracks: Internal Conflict and Resolution 19

2 To Venture Out: Intercommunity Relations and Conflict 62

3 To Walk in Shoes: Race and Class 101

4 To Cross the River: Initial Peasant Support for Shining Path 136

5 To Defend the Mountaintop: Initial Peasant Resistance to Shining Path 167

6 To Turn the Corner: After Shining Path 197

Conclusion 215

Notes 221

Bibliography 255

Index 269