Skip to content

In the Shadow of Kinzua: The Seneca Nation of Indians since World War II

in stock, ready to be shipped
Original price $45.00 - Original price $45.00
Original price $45.00
$55.99 - $55.99
Current price $55.99

The Kinzua Dam has cast a long shadow on Seneca life since World War II. The project, formally dedicated in 1966, broke the Treaty of Canandaigua of 1794, flooded approximately 10,000 acres of Seneca lands in New York and Pennsylvania, and forced the relocation of hundreds of tribal members. Hauptman offers both a policy study, detailing how and why Washington, Harrisburg, and Albany came up with the idea to build the dam, and a community study of the Seneca Nation in the postwar era. Although the dam was presented to the Senecas as a flood control project, Hauptman persuasively argues that the primary reasons were the push for private hydroelectric development in Pennsylvania and state transportation and park development in New York.

This important investigation, based on forty years of archival research as well as on numerous interviews with Senecas, shows that these historically resilient Native peoples adapted in the face of this disaster. Unlike previous studies, In the Shadow of Kinzua highlights the federated nature of Seneca Nation government, one held together in spite of great diversity of opinions and intense politics. In the Kinzua crisis and its aftermath, several Senecas stood out for their heroism and devotion to rebuilding their nation for tribal survival. They left legacies in many areas, including two community centers, a modern health delivery system, two libraries, and a museum. Money allocated in a "compensation bill" passed by Congress in 1964 produced a generation of college-educated Senecas, some of whom now work in tribal government, making major contributions to the Nation's present and future. Facing impossible odds and hidden forces, they motivated a cadre of volunteers to help rebuild devastated lands. Although their strategies did not stop the dam's construction, they laid the groundwork for a tribal governing structure and for managing other issues that followed from the 1980s to the present, including land claims litigation and casinos.

ISBN-13: 9780815633280

Media Type: Hardcover

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

Publication Date: 01-22-2014

Pages: 415

Product Dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.50(d)

Series: Iroquois and Their Neighbors

Laurence M. Hauptman is SUNY Distinguished Professor Emeritus of History. He is the author, coauthor, or coeditor of numerous books on the Iroquois, including Seven Generations of Iroquois Leadership: The Six Nations since 1800, which was awarded the 2012 Herbert Lehman Book prize from the New York Academy of History.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix

List of Maps and Chart xi

Preface xiii

Acknowledgments xxix

Abbreviations xxxiii

Part I Introduction

1 The Seneca Nation of Indians: Diversity and Adaptation 3

Part II Origins

2 Federal Policies: Termination 21

3 Empire State Policies: The Thruway 34

4 Keystone State Policies: Power Trip 49

Part III The Impact of Kinzua

5 George Heron, the Kinzua Planning Committee, and the Haley Act 81

6 The Iroquoia Project and Its Legacies: Failure? 104

7 The Health Action Group: Lionel John and the Power of Women 143

8 Showdown on the Forbidden Path 163

9 One Win, One Loss: Seneca Land Claims 187

10 The Salamanca Albatross 206

11 Smoke Shops to Casinos 224

Part IV Conclusion

12 Looking Ahead Seven Generations 267

Notes 277

Bibliography 341

Index 379