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Reclaiming Indigenous Governance: Reflections and Insights from Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States

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Reclaiming Indigenous Governance examines the efforts of Indigenous peoples in four important countries to reclaim their right to self-govern. Showcasing Native nations, this timely book presents diverse perspectives of both practitioners and researchers involved in Indigenous governance in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and the United States (the CANZUS states).

Indigenous governance is dynamic, an ongoing relationship between Indigenous peoples and settler-states. The relationship may be vigorously contested, but it is often fragile—one that ebbs and flows, where hard-won gains can be swiftly lost by the policy reversals of central governments. The legacy of colonial relationships continues to limit advances in self-government.

Yet Indigenous peoples in the CANZUS countries are no strangers to setbacks, and their growing movement provides ample evidence of resilience, resourcefulness, and determination to take back control of their own destiny. Demonstrating the struggles and achievements of Indigenous peoples, the chapter authors draw on the wisdom of Indigenous leaders and others involved in rebuilding institutions for governance, strategic issues, and managing lands and resources.

This volume brings together the experiences, reflections, and insights of practitioners confronting the challenges of governing, as well as researchers seeking to learn what Indigenous governing involves in these contexts. Three things emerge: the enormity of the Indigenous governance task, the creative agency of Indigenous peoples determined to pursue their own objectives, and the diverse paths they choose to reach their goal.

ISBN-13: 9780816539970

Media Type: Paperback

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

Publication Date: 10-22-2019

Pages: 352

Product Dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.60(d)

William Nikolakis is a lawyer in both Australia and Canada. He is a lecturer in the Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia, and the executive director of the Gathering Voices Society, a Vancouver-based foundation focused on building land management partnerships between Indigenous communities and the natural resources sector. Stephen Cornell is faculty chair of the Native Nations Institute at the University of Arizona, where he also is emeritus professor of sociology, emeritus director of the Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy, and affiliate faculty in the College of Law. He co-founded the Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development. Harry W. Nelson is an associate professor in the Department of Forest Resources Management at the University of British Columbia. His interest is natural and environmental policy emphasizing forestland and forest resources and improving the sustainability of Canadian forests and the communities and ­businesses that rely on them.

Table of Contents

Foreword Sophie Pierre Gwen Phillips vii

Introduction William Nikolakis Stephen Cornell Harry Nelson 3

Part I Strategic Issues 13

1 From Rights to Governance and Back: Indigenous Political Transformations in the CANZUS States Stephen Cornell 15

2 The Shareholder Who Never Dies: The Economics of Indigenous Survival and the Development of Culturally Relevant Governance Sir Tipene O'Regan 38

3 The Evolution of Indigenous Self-Governance in Canada William Nikolakis 55

4 Ngarrindjeri Nation Building: Securing a Future as Ngarrindjeri Ruwe/Ruwar (Lands, Waters, and All Living Things) Steve Hemming Daryle Rigney Shaun Berg 71

Part II Building Institutions 105

5 Ancient Spirit, Modern Mind: The Huu-ay-aht Journey Back to Self-Determination and Self-Reliance Angila Wesley 107

6 From Little Things, Big Things Grow: Exercising Incremental Self-Governance in Australia Diane Smith 130

7 Whanau Ora: Building Maori Self-Determination in Aotearoa / New Zealand Sacha McMeeking 155

8 Indigenous Commercial Codes: Sovereignty and International Trade Agreements Douglas Sanderson Bradon Willms 172

Part III Lands and Resources 191

9 Place of the Falling Waters: How the Salish and Kootenai Tribes Dealt with Settler Colonialism to Acquire and Name Séliš Ksanka Qlispé Dam Ronald I. Trosper 193

10 Natural Resources and Aboriginal Autonomy: Economic Development and the Boundaries of Indigenous Control and Engagement Ken Coates Cabin Holroyd 228

11 Creating Space: Comanagement Considerations in Kakadu National Park Justin O'Brien 269

12 Land, Public Trust, and Governance: A Nez Perce Account Jaime A. Pinkham 296

Conclusion: Building Yourself and Your Community Garry Merkei 306

Contributors 321

Index 327