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The New Negro: An Interpretation

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Edited by the first African American Rhodes Scholar, this landmark anthology of fiction, poetry, essays, drama, music, and illustration is widely regarded as the key text of the Harlem Renaissance. Exploring social, political, and artistic change, the works include Locke's titular tract, as well as contributions by Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, Claude McKay, Jean Toomer, James Weldon Johnson, and other luminaries.

ISBN-13: 9780486845616

Media Type: Paperback

Publisher: Dover Publications

Publication Date: 01-13-2021

Pages: 448

Product Dimensions: 5.00(w) x 8.00(h) x (d)

Series: Dover Thrift Editions: Black History

Alain Leroy Locke (1885–1954) was an American writer, philosopher, educator, and patron of the arts. Distinguished as the first African American Rhodes Scholar in 1907, Locke was the philosophical architect — the acknowledged "Dean" — of the Harlem Renaissance.

Table of Contents

Foreword xiii

Acknowledgments xvii

Part I The Negro Renaissance

The New Negro Alain Locke 3

Negro Art and America Albert C. Barnes 16

The Negro in American Literature William Stanley Braithwaite 23

Negro Youth Speaks Alain Locke 38


The City of Refuge Rudolph Fisher 45

Vestiges Rudolph Fisher 60

Fog John Matheus 69

Carma, from Cane Jean Toomer 79

Fern, from Cane Jean Toomer 82

Spunk Zora Neale Hurston 88

Sahdji Bruce Nugent 95

The Palm Porch Eric Walrond 97


Poems Countee Cullen 108

Poems Claude McKay 117

Poems Jean Toomer 122

The Creation James Weldon Johnson 124

Poems Langston Hughes 127

Poems Georgia Douglas Johnson 136

Lady, Lady Anne Spencer 140

The Black Finger Angelina Grimke 141

Enchantment Lewis Alexander 142


The Drama of Negro Life Montgomery Gregory 144

The Gift of Laughter Jessie Fauset 151

Compromise (A Folk Play) Willis Richardson 159


The Negro Spirituals Alain Locke 186

Negro Dancers Claude McKay 201

Jazz at Home J.A.Rogers 203

Jazzonia Langston Hughes 211

Nude Young Dancer Langston Hughes 212

The Negro Digs Up His Past Arthur A. Schomburg 214

American Negro Folk Literature Arthur Huff Fauset 221

T'appin Told Cugo Lewis 228

B'rer Rabbit Fools Buzzard 231

Heritage Countee Cullen 233

The Legacy of the Ancestral Arts Alain Locke 237

Part II The New Negro in a New World

The Negro Pioneers Paul U. Kellogg 253

The New Frontage on American Life Charles S. Johnson 259

The New Scene:

Harlem: The Culture Capital James Weldon Johnson 278

Howard: The National Negro University Kelly Miller 288

Hampton-Tuskegee: Missioners of the Masses Robert R. Moton 298

Durham: Capital of the Black Middle Class E. Fanklin Frazier 308

Gift of the Black Tropics W.A. Domingo 315

The Negro and The American Tradition:

The Negro's Americanism Melville J. Herskovits 324

The Paradox of Color Walter White 331

The Task of Negro Womanhood Elise Johnson McDougald 338

Worlds of Color:

The Negro Mind Reaches Out W.E.B. DuBois 352


Who's Who of the Contributors 383

A Select List of Negro-Americana and Africana 391

The Negro in Literature 397

Negro Drama 403

Negro Music: A Bibliography 406

A Selected List of Modern Music, Influenced by American Negro Themes or Idioms 413

Negro Folk Lore 416

The Negro Race Problems 425