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Notes From Black Reads

An imaginative love letter to the 'vagabonds' who live their lives in the margins. Osunde's freewheeling takedown of Nigerian capitalism introduces you to the unforgettable spirits and misfits of Lagos.



“If you read one debut novel in 2022, this should be it.” Los Angeles Times

In the bustling streets and cloistered homes of Lagos, a cast of vivid characters—some haunted, some defiant—navigate danger, demons, and love in a quest to lead true lives.

As in Nigeria, vagabonds are those whose existence is literally outlawed: the queer, the poor, the displaced, the footloose and rogue spirits. They are those who inhabit transient spaces, who make their paths and move invisibly, who embrace apparitions, old vengeances and alternative realities. Eloghosa Osunde's brave, fiercely inventive novel traces a wild array of characters for whom life itself is a form of resistance: a driver for a debauched politician with the power to command life and death; a legendary fashion designer who gives birth to a grown daughter; a lesbian couple whose tender relationship sheds unexpected light on their experience with underground sex work; a wife and mother who attends a secret spiritual gathering that shifts her world. As their lives intertwine—in bustling markets and underground clubs, churches and hotel rooms—vagabonds are seized and challenged by spirits who command the city's dark energy. Whether running from danger, meeting with secret lovers, finding their identities, or vanquishing their shadowselves, Osunde's characters confront and support one another, before converging for the once-in-a-lifetime gathering that gives the book its unexpectedly joyous conclusion.

Blending unvarnished realism with myth and fantasy, Vagabonds! is a vital work of imagination that takes us deep inside the hearts, minds, and bodies of a people in duress—and in triumph.

ISBN-13: 9780593330036

Media Type: Paperback

Publisher: Penguin Publishing Group

Publication Date: 02-28-2023

Pages: 320

Product Dimensions: 5.10(w) x 7.90(h) x 0.90(d)

Eloghosa Osunde is a Nigerian writer and artist. An alumna of the Farafina Creative Writing Workshop, the Caine Prize Workshop, and the New York Film Academy, she has been published in The Paris Review, Gulf Coast, Guernica, Catapult, and other venues. Winner of the 2021 Plimpton Prize for Fiction and the recipient of a Miles Morland Scholarship, she is a 2019 Lambda Literary Fellow and a 2020 MacDowell Colony Fellow.

Read an Excerpt


"Blessed are they that have not seen and yet have believed."

-Jesus, in John 20:29

There's a story Nigerians know and pass on with the conviction reserved for Holy Communion bread. Here, a slice of our history: we don't lose unless something happens; unless there's foul play. Here: an extra source to cite when defending our collective arrogance. It's the story of that football match where Nigeria played against India and India scored 99 goals against Nigeria's 1. Most Nigerians remember this match, whether they were born at the time or not; know the story like they know God-with a fervent, fastidious faith. No need to question it, or search for it, or relive it. It's a story that happens to you once and then lives with you forever.

Throughout the full ninety minutes of the match, Nigeria's players did their best, as Nigerians do; sprightly on their feet and quick to react, just as their coach had taught them. But something kept happening: Every time one of the players went near the ball, it morphed into something else. Some say it was a lion that came roaring into the air, all hungry-mouthed and thirsty-eyed; some say it was a snake uncoiling itself from the dead leather; others say it was both interchangeably. The rest claim that the match was only confusing because the ball kept on doubling, or tripling, and Nigeria's goalkeeper found it impossible to know which one to focus on. The latter was what Thomas's uncle claimed.

"That day? Ha! The whole Nigeria went haywire! The country was vibrating with shock. A whole us? Lose to India? India? One of our players even died. I forget his name now. One Samuel, abi Simon something, dropped dead on the field from a heart attack. People had so much anger in them that they poured into the streets and started to fight each other. Strangers who'd never met before in their lives o, lunging at each other, trying to draw blood. But in the end, many people made friends that day."

Thomas could see the streets as his Uncle Anjos spoke, people grappling mercilessly, butting heads like rams, like they had nothing to lose: women on the sidelines picking fights with each other, children following suit. None of it was done with malice, or directionlessly. It was for a purpose. Everybody outside was trying to prove the same thing to themselves and everyone else: We're a strong and talented people; it's not that we were not ready, they insisted, it's just that India used juju to confuse our players. They would never have won if they didn't use juju. If one of us beats the other here, we can show each other we're still strong. They fought to exhaustion, then hugged and shook hands before heading off together, asking: "So what was that your name again?" Some joked about it: "My name is Yusuf. But guy, you beat the hell out of me wallahi," and got placating replies: "Sorry, my brother, you know we did what we had to do." And they did.

After that match, India was banned from playing international football. It's hard to know the year, but it's a fact. It really happened. Everybody saw it. After all, what's the alternative: That an entire country had a choreographed hallucination? A nationwide delusion?


Thomas knew animal stories too. He knew that tortoises had cracked shells as punishment for their unrepentant greed, from when they were dropped from heaven on their backs by a tired God. For all their haste, God had decided to delay them as a lesson. Hyenas sounded the way they did because they were found gossiping among themselves during a meeting in heaven which ended with God turning to them and saying in a bitter voice: Oh, you want to laugh? You will keep laughing forever. To Thomas, all this was believable because he had read Genesis, which made it clear how God felt about disobedience. A moment in time could lead to punishments forever. God seemed to love forevers.

But the stories Thomas loved the most were the ones about humans; stories that could still be happening right right now in the world as his uncle spoke. Still just a young teenager in secondary school, there was little else to do, so apart from serving God, Thomas had made it his life's purpose to stack stories, to hunt and squash the fear that came with them.

Every evening, his uncle told him tales by moonlight. A genius with four degrees under his belt, Uncle Anjos wore his belt tightly. Thomas enjoyed horror because it added speed to his breathing and a sheen to his heart. Sometimes he dissolved into the words as Uncle Anjos was talking, fading off in the middle of a sentence, going somewhere new on the wing of a detail with his mouth ajar.

Like Thomas, when Anjos was a boy, he studied old stories from before the country earned its name, from way before the land was taken and way way way before it had to be wrested out of white hands. He filled notebooks with true and frightening realities he'd gathered from his grandparents. His peers couldn't bear them; there had been enough bloodshed, enough loss, too much grief behind, the promise of freedom in front and they were only trying to be young in peace. Anjos, they decided, was the delusional one. He was the one imagining things. And this was what frightened his family about him: What do you mean you want to dig the past? Why are you trying to trouble the ground? If we get to know what happened then, how will we survive what did or didn't happen after? Whose child is this? Take this Bible and eat it.

As with Thomas now, the rumor back then was that Anjos had turned out this way because he took books too seriously, too literally. They weren't even saying this to be cruel o. They were only worried for him, because the family tree seemed to grow toward a warning: madness was wet soil and many people, once they'd stumbled on it, couldn't help hurtling to the end of a too-dark valley. If Thomas's parents were around enough to talk a lot, he would have been warned to take everything his uncle said with a hill of salt, warned about how some resemblances should be left alone. But even without their talking, Thomas heard them clearly through the parallels and proverbs they shared in letters; through the roundabouts in their speech. He knew exactly what they were talking around, but still he loved Uncle Anjos thickly, specifically because he'd managed to'protect'his childlikeness in a way most adults could not, and he wasn't afraid to show how brightly his eyes could shine with belief, new faiths brewing behind them. Listening to him, Thomas could feel both the danger and the promise of the world in full, and it thrilled him to the bone.

Uncle Anjos told Thomas about a time when mobile phones had just come out and jazz caught up with technology. People were warned not to take phone calls from unknown numbers, but the stubborn ones did. And you know what happened? Exactly what they had been warned about. It didn't happen now anymore, but it used to. It really really used to. People who answered those calls heard something-godknowswhat; a crackling sound? A threat? An incantation?-that made their bodies go haywire, bleeding through the ears and nose and eyes until they died. This story was told to Thomas when he was ten.

After he turned eleven and got his first phone-a Nokia 3310-a call came in one day from an unknown number. His heart was pounding in his bladder when he pressed answer. But it was just his father calling from somewhere in America, where he'd been working for years.

"How are you, my boy? You're okay?"

"Yes, sir."

"Good. Give the phone to your uncle."

Regular. Boring. Disappointing.

But that rush? That rush from doing something that could have killed him if he'd just been unfortunate that day? It never left him. He tried it with chain messages, too, when he started receiving those. "If you don't forward this in the next ten minutes, you will die within seven days," the messages read, complete with the full names of people who'd fallen down in front of their families, foaming at the mouth. Thomas watched the ten minutes go by, rebellion hissing up his spine. On the seventh day, he ran laps around the house, rode his bicycle, and ate vegetable soup with snails and periwinkles-all of this in a hedonistic chase, a few last hits of joy before reaping a ripe death. He knew, he always had, that life was about timing and death was always lurking and all of life was hide-and-seek. Why not enjoy the game?

But it was not yet his time, so night came with its darkblack fur, and after all those hours of Thomas trying to keep awake, it rolled over on its back like an excited dog to show Thomas the dawn on its stomach, the sun at its center, a bright and brilliant navel.

There was another story, too, about not letting people touch your head because you don't know what spirit they're carrying. "Don't share your hairbrush with anybody because they can use that to steal your star."

"What star?" Thomas asked.

Uncle Anjos struggled to explain it. "Your destiny," he said finally. "You're a boy with a bright future. It's one of the first things people notice about you. You have a star on you, and sometimes, people can see that before you do. And they can steal it. They don't give this kind of advice to just anybody. Many are heading nowhere fast. But you? You, my boy, the road ahead of you is covered in gold."

Thomas blushed under his skin, pleasure perching on his smile. "But . . . how do they steal it? And why? What do they use it for?"

"Why? Because the heart of man is desperately wicked. Even the Bible says so. And what do they use it for? If they can apply your destiny to themselves, their lives can change course. What should have been your future then becomes theirs-and you will suddenly find yourself on their own dull road."

Thomas had friends whose hairbrushes he sometimes borrowed at school to keep the waves rolling in his hair. It was important for all the cool boys to have, because the girls always checked for them. His star-whatever that meant-still seemed to be there, what with all the As he was still getting in most subjects. The only exception was introtech, but he doubted that that was because someone had stolen his ability through his hair and stored it in a calabash somewhere. It was just because he and technology simply didn't agree with each other. So, even if all these stories were true-and he did believe them-by some odd magic, he seemed to be cosmically'protect'd from their dangers.

What turned Uncle Anjos into who he was? Thomas wanted to know.

Well. Anjos used to have an aunt. His family still lived in Benin then, and he believed that all the stories his father was telling him were just stories, because he had the privilege of a strong bubble, and just enough distance. Like his nephew, Anjos had found the stories thrilling to hear; but unlike Thomas, had felt that it was only uncivilized people who stretched that fascination into faith by truly believing things they could not see, gods who revealed themselves out of people's mouths, who demanded sacrifices and called for libations to be poured into the ground.

In Benin those days, there was a notorious whirlwind called Eziza. People believed that the gods sent Eziza as an ambassador of their anger. Little Anjos was gifted a story about this whirlwind through an encounter with a rainmaker. Right there in his grandfather's house, he'd watched the man start and stop a furious downpour-complete with streaks of thunder-in the space of ten minutes. When he waved his handkerchief and let out a string of Bini prayers and incantations, the rain immediately ceased. Anjos, seeing this was no coincidence, asked him to do it again. "I don't abuse my power," the man said had in a coiled voice. "I did it for you, because with the life you have ahead, you're going to need faith. You're going to need to root your eyes in places other people can't see." Anjos didn't understand what the man meant then, but he took note of what he felt in his own body, of how witnessing that miracle had put weight in his feet, had scrambled his gut.

When Eziza came, the man explained, it arrived in full force, seizing whole human beings in its body. People could be sitting down in a beer parlor casually drinking and the whirlwind would swoop in suddenly to collect a single person from their midst. The gods were very sure of what they were looking for whenever they sent Eziza, the rainmaker told Anjos, but in the process of trying to find those things and those people, they didn't hesitate to clear anything or anyone that stood in their way. They seemed to be calmer now, though, he said. His theory was that they had probably grown tired of fighting to retain their worshippers, and had resigned themselves to letting people face the Christ they were hellbent on choosing. As Anjos listened to all this, with his elbow in his grandfather's lap, he wondered what factors determined the strength of gods' tempers. He'd heard a theory once that gods lose power if you stop believing in them. It seemed possible.

Anjos's mother knew that story too. When he went home and told her about it, she confirmed it with a shrug. She didn't need a rainmaker to convince her; she already believed. She had lost an old classmate to Eziza back in the day, so none of this was new. (She wasn't there o. But must she be there to know?) So she pulled her ear as she told Anjos, "Stay away from Eziza, if you like your life; just stay away. If you see strong breeze, run enter house. You hear me?" Little Anjos had questions, but his mother had long decided for him that he would keep liking his life, and that no spirit would come out of nowhere to claim him.

One Saturday, Anjos was in Ring Road market with his cousin Sam. They were looking for cardboard for their school project when a small child looked up and said, See oh, see, pointing at the sky. They looked, and true true, somebody was trapped up there inside the wailing wind like a small, weightless kite. Nonsense, little Anjos thought, nonsense, even though he could see it. But people were exclaiming as they deserted the market quick quick, so he followed them, running with his hand in Sam's. Later, when they got back home, his rascal of a neighbor, a ten-year-old boy called Bingo, told him what had happened. He said that Iye Ruth was sitting down in her backyard, washing clothes under the big ebelebo tree, when Eziza encircled her body and took her into a dizzying lightness.